Nepal is one of the richest countries in the world in terms of bio-diversity. Its unique geographical position and latitudinal variation have made Nepal the biggest natural museum in the world. The elevation of the country ranges from 70 meters above sea level to the highest point on earth, Mt. Everest, at 8,848 meters, all within a distance of 150 km with climatic conditions ranging from subtropical to arctic. This wild variation fosters an incredible variety of ecosystem, the greatest mountain range on earth, thick tropical jungles teeming with a wealth of wildlife, thundering rivers, forested hills and frozen valleys.
Nepal in BriefNepal, occupying only 0.1% of the earth, is home to:
- 2% of all the flowering plants in the world.
- 8% of the world's population of birds (more than 848 species)
- 4% of mammals on earth
- 11 of the world's 15 families of butterflies (more than 500 species)
- 600 indigenous plant families
- 319 species of exotic orchids
Nepal Fact File
- Area: 147,181 sq. km
- Geography: Situated between China in the north and India in the east, west and south.
- Capital: Kathmandu
- Population: 26.6 million (Census 2011)
- Ethnic groups: Over 100 ethnic groups including Newari, Maithili, Bhojpuri, Tharu, Gurung, Sherpa, Kiranti, Limbu speakers etc.
- Languages: Over 70 languages and dialects. Nepali is the national language. It is also the official language of the country. English is wildly spoken by many Nepalese people.
- Currency: Nepalese Rupee.
- Political System: Federal Democratic Republic.
- Religion: Constitutionally, Nepal is a secular state. Nepalese population is predominantly Hindu, with Buddhists, Muslims, and others constituting the rest. Nepal is renowned for
- religious/cultural harmony.
- Climate: Nepal has four major seasons, namely: WINTER (Dec. to Feb), SPRING (March-May), SUMMER (June-Aug.), AUTUMN (Sept-Nov.).